"The greatest Crime Islam committed in its whole history was the destruction of Nalanda, the world's first University the seat of learning and wisdom, the birthplace of Wisdom and Philosophy the womb of Buddhism the fruit of culture and progressive thought and the pride of mankind east or west.
Where great souls like Buddha, Mahavira, Kautilya and Paninni stayed and taught . Founded between 550 and 600 BC and imparted knowledge to thousands of students till AD 1193 where courses were drawn from every field of learning secular and sacred , native and foreign Science Mathematics, Metallurgy, Medicine, Astronomy , Philosophy, Logic, Physics , Anatomy , Yog shastras , Vedas Scriptures and even philosophies from abroad and across the seas which attracted pupils and scholars from Greece , Korea Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey. An architectural masterpiece accommodation over 10,000 students and 2000 teachers with eight separate compounds, 10 Temples, meditation halls classrooms, lakes and parks. The library was a seven story building where texts were meticulously prepared.
In AD 1193 Muslim Invaders under Bhaktiyar Khalji Khajli captured it . He asked is there a Kuran here ?. Thousands of monks were burned alive and beheaded as he uprooted Buddhism and planted ISLAM by sword what did the innocent monks do to deserve slaughter ? All their mouths could utter was "Buddham Sharanam Gacchami" even when they were burned on poles. The building were demolished till the 4 foundation walls. Centuries and Centuries of manuscripts were turned to Ash and Dust . The burning of the library went on for months .as the daughter of culture was ravished by bigotry and narrow mindedness.
"Smoke from the burning manuscripts hung for days like a dark pall over the low hills "